How long does it take to charge an EV? – Review Geek

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If you’re in the market for an electric vehicle (EV), you’re probably curious about how long it takes to charge an EV. You can’t just stop at a gas station for five minutes, but instead you have to wait for the batteries to charge.

There are several factors that determine how fast an EV will charge, including whether you charge at home or in public, the speed (or level of the charger), how big your battery is, and whether you’re doing a top-off or a full charge. .

So, to answer the question, “How long does it take to charge an electric vehicle?” The answer is: it’s complicated. That said, owners can charge an EV in 30 minutes, or wait more than 10-12 hours for a full charge, depending on the speed of the charger and the size of the battery. Here are a few more details explaining how long it takes to charge an EV.

Several factors that affect EV charging times

BMW

How long it takes to charge an EV depends on several factors. While a public charging station can charge an EV in just 30 minutes, it costs much more to use fast chargers in public than a home charger. For most owners, EV charging speeds at home are the most important thing, as that’s where they’ll be doing most of the charging. Anyway, here are all the different variables.

EV battery size: The larger the battery capacity (measured in kWh), the longer it takes to charge. Some cars have a tiny 28 kWh battery, while others, like the new GMC Hummer EV, have huge 200 kWh battery cells. (The average (60 kWh battery) takes almost 8 hours to charge from empty to full with a 7 kW charger.) Your EV’s maximum charging rate: Electric vehicle charging rates vary by manufacturer, so if the maximum of your EV is 7 kW, a more powerful charger does not make it faster. Current battery level: Drivers rarely charge from empty, but when they do, it takes longer to fully charge than a 50% recharge. Charger speed and power level: Charging times depend on charger output power. Temperatures: Cold temperatures can affect the efficiency of the battery, potentially extending the charging time. A high ambient temperature (especially while charging) can do the same.

EV charger levels and speeds

With so many different EVs on the market with different battery sizes, charging speeds, and even different EV charging plugs, there are many variables. And while some numbers may vary by vehicle, region, or plug, these are a good foundation to follow when it comes to EV charger levels.

Level 1: Typical 120v home charger with speeds from 1.2 to 2.4 kW. Level 2: Upgraded 240v outlet with speeds from 2.5 to 19 kW. Level 3: DC Fast Charger 480v suitable for speeds from 50 to 350+ kW.

Most electric vehicles in the United States come with a standard Level 1 charging cable that you can plug into any outlet in your home. Unfortunately, these are standard 120-volt three-prong plugs and are extremely slow. As a result, many home owners are upgrading to a faster Level 2 charger.

A Level 2 charger usually uses a larger 240v plug, similar to the power cord on home appliances such as a washer or dryer. These are much faster than a Level 1 and typically deliver more than 30 miles per hour of charge, or a full battery after 8-10 hours of charging overnight. Many public chargers are still Level 2.

Level 3 chargers (also known as DC fast chargers) are usually found in public, from Tesla superchargers, and at gas stations or office buildings. Level 3 is the fastest way to charge an electric car and can give you enough battery to cover more than 100 miles in 30 minutes or nearly 250 miles (and a full battery) in an hour.

How long does it take to charge an electric car at home?

Ford

Based on the information above, it will depend on the vehicle and the type of charger you use to charge your EV at home. For example, Ford’s Level 2 Charge Station Pro for the F-150 Lightning delivers 80 amps (or 19 kW) and a range of 30 to 30 miles in an hour, depending on the size of the battery. Ford says the base model 98 kWh battery pack can be fully charged in about 10 hours.

This means most owners will want to plug it in at night or when they get home, and it’s usually fully charged and ready to go in the morning. But if you only drive 10 to 15 kilometers a day to work or in the city, you don’t even have to plug in the plug every day.

Most electric cars have slightly smaller batteries, so the charging time will vary, and again, it depends on the vehicle and the capabilities of your home charger. Tesla’s popular Level 2 home chargers can deliver a charging time of more than 69 kilometers per hour.

Most electric vehicles charged at home take at least 8-10 hours to fully charge, if not longer, depending on the hardware.

Using DC fast chargers to charge an EV in public

Tesla

Again, it’s important to remember that depending on your vehicle and the charger you’re in, EV charging speeds can vary. Using the F-150 as an example again, Ford claims that the F-150 Lightning can accept up to 150 kW using a DC fast charger in public, with a 15% to 80% charge time of 41 minutes.

That said, many public chargers are level 2, and even if you find a level 3 (DC Fast Charger), you should check the power level. Many public DC fast chargers max out at 50 kW, which is still extremely fast, but not as fast as a Tesla Supercharger station.

Currently, most Tesla Superchargers have speeds from 90 kW to 250 kW and are super fast. These can charge up to 200 miles of range in just 15 minutes. You can find Supercharger stations all over the world.

And while Tesla’s expansive Supercharger network is currently reaching 250 kW, the company is working on speeds of 300 and above.

How long does it take to charge these popular EVs

Ford

If your mind melted with all the confusing numbers, levels, and information outlined above, we’ve got you covered. To keep things simple, here’s a list of how long it will likely take to fully charge some of the most popular electric vehicles currently available in the US (at home), according to KBB.

These EV charging times are based on a 240v Level 2 charging source, depending on each manufacturer’s website and specifications.

Tesla Model S: 12 hours Tesla Model 3: 12 hours Chevrolet Bolt EV: 10 hours Kia EV6: 6-10 hours Ford F-150 Lightning: 10-13 hours Nissan Leaf: 11 hours Rivian R1T: 10-12 hours Hyundai Ioniq 5 : 8.5 hours BMW i3: 7 hours Porsche Taycan: up to 10.5 hours Audi E-Tron: 10 hours Polestar 2: 8 hours Subaru Solterra: 8-10 hours

In the end, it all comes down to which EV you buy, the electrical wiring in your home, and what type of charging system you plan to use. Most people will benefit from installing a level 2 charger at home. That way, your EV can be charged overnight and ready to go every morning.

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